Toxicology Laboratory publications

Our latest 20 publications

  • Metal enriched quasi-ultrafine particles from stainless steel gas metal arc welding induced genetic and epigenetic alterations in BEAS-2B cells
    Recent evidence has supported welding fume (WF)-derived ultrafine particles (UFP) could be the driving force of their adverse health effects. However, UFP have not yet been extensively studied and are currently not included in present air quality standards/guidelines. Here, attention was focused on the underlying genetic and epigenetic mechanisms by which the quasi-UFP (Q-UFP, i.e., ≤ 0.25 μm) of the WF emitted by gas metal arc welding-stainless steel (GMAW-SS) exert their toxicity in human... Read more »
  • Integrating Selection and Risk Assessment of Chemical Mixtures: A Novel Approach Applied to a Breast Milk Survey
    BACKGROUND: One of the main challenges of modern risk assessment is to account for combined exposure to the multitude of various substances present in food and the environment. Read more »
  • Exploring graphene-based materials' genotoxicity: inputs of a screening method
    Graphene-based materials (GBMs) are promising nanomaterials, and several innovations depend on their use. However, the assessment of their potential hazard must be carefully explored before entering any market. GBMs are indeed well-known to induce various biological impacts, including oxidative stress, which can potentially lead to DNA damage. Genotoxicity is a major endpoint for hazard assessment and has been explored for GBMs, but the available literature shows conflicting results. In this... Read more »
  • Comparison of the in vivo genotoxicity of electronic and conventional cigarettes aerosols after subacute, subchronic and chronic exposures
    Tobacco smoking is classified as a human carcinogen. A wide variety of new products, in particular electronic cigarettes (e-cigs), have recently appeared on the market as an alternative to smoking. Although the in vitro toxicity of e-cigs is relatively well known, there is currently a lack of data on their long-term health effects. In this context, the aim of our study was to compare, on a mouse model and using a nose-only exposure system, the in vivo genotoxic and mutagenic potential of e-cig... Read more »
  • DMSO-free highly differentiated HepaRG spheroids for chronic toxicity, liver functions and genotoxicity studies
    The liver is essential in the elimination of environmental and food contaminants. Given the interspecies differences between rodents and humans, the development of relevant in vitro human models is crucial to investigate liver functions and toxicity in cells that better reflect pathophysiological processes. Classically, the differentiation of the hepatic HepaRG cell line requires high concentration of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), which restricts its usefulness for drug-metabolism studies. Herein,... Read more »
  • Toxicology and Biodegradability of a Phthalate-Free and Bio-Based Novel Plasticizer
    Phthalate esters, mainly di-ethylhexylphthalate (DEHP), represent a class of chemicals primarily used as plasticizers for polyvinyl chloride in a wide range of domestic and industrial applications. These phthalate esters are low-toxicity environmental contaminants. To address these drawbacks, POLYSORB® ID 37, a blend of diesters obtained from esterification of isosorbide with plant-based fatty acids, was developed. The company can now offer PVC manufacturers a new product which competes with... Read more »
  • Mutagenicity and genotoxicity assessments of some industrially processed meat products in Algeria
    Processed meat products are presumptive sources of mutagens and genotoxins for consumers. Several epidemiological studies have reported that these products' high intakes have a positive link with cancer incidence. In Algeria, industrially processed meat products are widely consumed. However, there are no earlier studies involving their genotoxic activity. For this end, the current study aimed at evaluating the mutagenicity and the genotoxicity of some representative industrially processed meat... Read more »
  • Comparison of In Vitro Endocrine Activity of Phthalates and Alternative Plasticizers
    Because of the deleterious effects of phthalates, regulations have been taken to decrease their use, and the needs for alternatives are increasing. Due to the concerns about the endocrine-disrupting properties of phthalates, it was deemed necessary to particularly investigate these effects for potential substitutes. In this study, we compared the in vitro endocrine activity of several already used potential alternative plasticizers (DEHT, DINCH, and TOTM) or new substitutes (POLYSORB® isosorbide... Read more »
  • In vitro and in vivo genotoxicity assessment of ferric ferrocyanide and potassium-cobalt ferrocyanide
    Ferric hexacyanoferrate(II) (Fe(4)[Fe(CN)(6)](3)), i.e. Prussian blue (PB) has been used for many years to remove from the body the two toxic isotopes of cesium and thallium following irradiation. Recently, potassium cobalt hexacyanoferrate(II) (K(2)COFe(CN)(6)), which has shown a better efficacy for decontamination, is also being considered for use to enhance the elimination of cesium isotopes. In view to its preclinical and clinical development, in vitro and in vivo GLP-compliant genotoxicity... Read more »
  • From Basic Research to New Tools and Challenges for the Genotoxicity Testing of Nanomaterials
    Genotoxicity is one of the key endpoints investigated as early as possible before marketing a product [...]. Read more »
  • Genotoxicity of Aluminum and Aluminum Oxide Nanomaterials in Rats Following Oral Exposure
    Due to several gaps remaining in the toxicological evaluation of nanomaterials (NMs), consumers and public health agencies have shown increasing concern for human health protection. In addition to aluminum (Al) microparticles, Al-containing nanomaterials (Al NMs) have been applied by food industry as additives and contact materials. Due to the limited amount of literature on the toxicity of Al NMs, this study aimed to evaluate the in vivo genotoxic potential of Al⁰ and Al(2)O(3) NMs after acute... Read more »
  • TiO2 Nanomaterials Non-Controlled Contamination Could Be Hazardous for Normal Cells Located in the Field of Radiotherapy
    Among nanomaterials (NMs), titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) is one of the most manufactured NMs and can be found in many consumers' products such as skin care products, textiles and food (as E171 additive). Moreover, due to its most attractive property, a photoactivation upon non-ionizing UVA radiation, TiO(2) NMs is widely used as a decontaminating agent. Uncontrolled contaminations by TiO(2) NMs during their production (professional exposure) or by using products (consumer exposure) are rather... Read more »
  • Study of in vitro and in vivo genotoxic effects of air pollution fine (PM2.5-0.18) and quasi-ultrafine (PM0.18) particles on lung models
    Air pollution and particulate matter (PM) are classified as carcinogenic to humans. Pollutants evidence for public health concern include coarse (PM(10)) and fine (PM(2.5)) particles. However, ultrafine particles (PM(0.1)) are assumed to be more toxic than larger particles, but data are still needed to better understand their mechanism of action. In this context, the aim of our work was to investigate the in vitro and in vivo genotoxic potential of fine (PM(2.5-018)) and quasi ultra-fine... Read more »
  • Exposure to Atmospheric Ultrafine Particles Induces Severe Lung Inflammatory Response and Tissue Remodeling in Mice
    Exposure to particulate matter (PM) is leading to various respiratory health outcomes. Compared to coarse and fine particles, less is known about the effects of chronic exposure to ultrafine particles, despite their higher number and reactivity. In the present study, we performed a time-course experiment in mice to better analyze the lung impact of atmospheric ultrafine particles, with regard to the effects induced by fine particles collected on the same site. Trace element and PAH analysis... Read more »
  • Intrinsic Antibacterial Activity of Nanoparticles Made of β-Cyclodextrins Potentiates Their Effect as Drug Nanocarriers against Tuberculosis
    Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) is a major public health problem, concerning about half a million cases each year. Patients hardly adhere to the current strict treatment consisting of more than 10 000 tablets over a 2-year period. There is a clear need for efficient and better formulated medications. We have previously shown that nanoparticles made of cross-linked poly-β-cyclodextrins (pβCD) are efficient vehicles for pulmonary delivery of powerful combinations of anti-TB drugs. Here, we... Read more »